Frequently Asked Questions:

Why should I have regular eye exams?

Vision is one of our most important senses. Regular, comprehensive eye exams are key in ensuring proper eyesight. Many eye diseases and conditions, like glaucoma and ocular complications from diabetes and high blood pressure, show no symptoms or changes in vision in their early stages. Regular eye exams allow your eye doctor to detect and manage diseases at the earliest possible opportunity, improving the likelihood for successful treatment. 

How often should I have eye exams?

It is up to your eye care provider to determine the appropriate length of time between your eye exams but here some general guidelines for " low risk" individuals:

  • Infants: should have their first eye exam at the age of 6 months and then at age 3 and then as recommended by your optometrist
  • School age -19 years: once every year or as recommended by your optometrist
  • Ages 20-40: once every two years (except for those with certain medical conditions and contact lens wearers)
  • Over 40: once every year as there is increased incidence of several conditions that can jeopardize sight
  • Eye exams may be recommended more frequently in the presence or concern of diseases like glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, ocular infections and retinal detachment as well as contact lens wearers


The recent onset of certain symptoms eg. blurry vision, loss of vision, floaters, flashing lights in peripheral vision and many more can indicate an ocular emergency and the need for immediate attention. When in doubt, always contact your eye doctor or a family physician so that appropriate action can be taken. 

How long will my eye exam take?

You should plan about one hour for your exam (adults). Kids' eye exams can take 20 mins.- one hour.

Why should my child have an eye exam- everything seems fine!

More than 80% of learning is done through the eyes. Often there are no signs that a child has vision problems making regular eye exams very important. Conditions like 'lazy eye' may be treated successfully if an optometrist diagnoses them early but can lead to permanent sight loss if untreated. Furthermore, young children do not have the experience to know what is normal as far as their vision is concerned. They often assume that everyone sees they way they do. 

What if my child can't read?

Eye exams can be done at any age even before your child knows how to speak- let alone the alphabet. 

What about vision screenings?

Vision screenings are not done frequently enough and do not replace a full eye exam. Also, 43% of children with vision problems are able to pass a vision screening. 

OHIP Coverage for Eye Exams

  • Children aged 0-19 years: One full eye examination every year plus minor exams for emergencies such as pink eye.
  • Adults aged 20-64: Only those having certain ocular conditions or disease are covered by OHIP once year for eye exams. Please call our office for further inquiries.
  • Seniors (65+): One full eye examination every year plus minor exams for emergencies such as pink eye.

Many private insurance plans cover eye exam fees, glasses and contact lens costs so be sure to check with your insurance provider.